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Tissue-specific gene expression in chondrocytes grown on three-dimensional hyaluronic acid scaffolds

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13618 885 2003 11 PDF Available
Title
Tissue-specific gene expression in chondrocytes grown on three-dimensional hyaluronic acid scaffolds
Abstract

The re-differentiation capacities of human articular and chick embryo sternal chondrocytes were evaluated by culture on HYAFF-11 and its sulphate derivative, HYAFF-11-S, polymers derived from the benzyl esterification of hyaluronate. Initial results showed that the HYAFF-11-S material promoted the highest rate of chondrocyte proliferation. RNA isolated from human and chick embryo chondrocytes cultured in Petri dishes, HYAFF-11 or HYAFF-11-S were subjected to semi-quantitative RT-PCR analyses. Human collagen types I, II, X, human Sox9 and aggrecan, chick collagen types I, II, IX and X were analysed. Results showed that human collagen type II mRNA expression was upregulated on HYAFF-11 biomaterials. In particular, a high level of collagen type IIB expression was associated with three-dimensional culture conditions, and the HYAFF-11 material was the most supportive for human collagen type X mRNA expression. Human Sox9 mRNA levels were constantly maintained in monolayer cell culture conditions over a period of 21 days, while these were upregulated when chondrocytes were cultured on HYAFF-11 and HYAFF-11S. Furthermore, chick collagen type IIA and IIB mRNA expression was detected after only 7 days of HYAFF-11 culture. Chick collagen type IX mRNA expression decreased in scaffold cultures over time. Histochemical staining performed in engineered cartilage revealed the presence of a de novo synthesized glycosaminoglycan-rich extracellular matrix; immunohistochemistry confirmed the deposition of collagen type II. This study showed that the three-dimensional HYAFF-11 culture system is both an effective chondrocyte delivery system for the treatment of articular cartilage defects, and an excellent in vitro model for studying cartilage differentiation.

Keywords
Hyaluronan; Tissue engineering; Collagen; RT-PCR; Extracellular matrix
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Tissue-specific gene expression in chondrocytes grown on three-dimensional hyaluronic acid scaffolds
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 24, Issue 19, August 2003, Pages 3265–3275
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us