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Evaluation of 3-D bioactive glass scaffolds dissolution in a perfusion flow system with X-ray microtomography

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
1372 82 2011 7 PDF Available
Title
Evaluation of 3-D bioactive glass scaffolds dissolution in a perfusion flow system with X-ray microtomography
Abstract

Bioactive glass has high potential for bone regeneration due to its ability to bond to bone and stimulate osteogenesis whilst dissolving in the body. Although three-dimensional (3-D) bioactive glass scaffolds with favorable pore networks can be made from the sol–gel process, compositional and structural evolutions in their porous structures during degradation in vivo, or in vitro, have not been quantified. In this study, bioactive glass scaffolds were put in a simulated body fluid flow environment through a perfusion bioreactor. X-ray microtomography (μCT) was used to non-destructively image the scaffolds at different degradation stages. A new 3-D image processing methodology was developed to quantify the scaffold’s pore size, interconnect size and connectivity from μCT images. The accurate measurement of individual interconnect size was made possible by a principal component analysis-based algorithm. During 28 days of dissolution, the modal interconnect size in the scaffold was reduced from 254 to 206 μm due to the deposition of mineral phases. However, the pore size remained unchanged, with a mode of 682 μm. The data presented are important for making bioactive glass scaffolds into clinical products. The technique described for imaging and quantifying scaffold pore structures as a function of degradation time is applicable to most scaffold systems.

Keywords
Scaffold; Image analysis; Porosity; Bioactive glass; Dissolution
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Evaluation of 3-D bioactive glass scaffolds dissolution in a perfusion flow system with X-ray microtomography
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 7, Issue 6, June 2011, Pages 2637–2643
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us