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Influence of the microstructure and topography on the barrier properties of oxide scales generated on blasted Ti6Al4V surfaces

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
1381 82 2011 10 PDF Available
Title
Influence of the microstructure and topography on the barrier properties of oxide scales generated on blasted Ti6Al4V surfaces
Abstract

The long-term interfacial bond between an implant and bone may be improved by creating a rough surface on the implant in order to increase the surface area available for bone/implant apposition. A natural consequence of surface roughening is an increase in metal ion release, which is itself a surface dominated process. Based on this fact, the aim of this work is to study the influence of the microstructure and topography on the barrier properties of oxide scales thermally generated at 700 °C for 1 h on Ti6Al4V surfaces after blasting with Al2O3 particles (coarse) or SiO2 and ZrO2 particles (fine). The microstructural and topographical characterization of the thermally treated blasted surfaces has been studied by means of scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray analysis, contact profilometry and X-ray diffraction. The barrier properties and corrosion behaviour of the oxide layers have been studied by means of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in Hank’s solution. Thermal treatment at 700 °C for 1 h promotes the formation of oxide scales with different morphologies and crystalline structures depending on the degree of deformation of the blasted surface. The oxide scale grown on the finely blasted sample has a pine needle-like morphology which is mainly formed of anatase TiO2. In contrast, the oxide scale grown on the coarsely blasted sample has a globular morphology formed mainly of rutile TiO2. The differences in morphology, i.e. fine or coarse, of the oxide scales influence the corrosion response of the blasted thermally treated samples in Hank’s solution. The EIS results permit evaluation of the different oxide scales from the capacitance and resistance values obtained in the high-frequency region and show a good correlation between the morphology and barrier properties. Oxidation treatment at 700 °C for 1 h of Ti6Al4V samples coarsely blasted with Al2O3 improves the corrosion behaviour due to an increase in the thickness of a compact, ordered and more structurally stable oxide scale. This is due to the globular morphology of the rutile (TiO2) structure maintaining an average surface roughness suitable for optimal osseo-integration with long-term interfacial bonding between the implant and bone.

Keywords
Oxidation treatments; Blasting; Ti6Al4V; Surface characterization; Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
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Influence of the microstructure and topography on the barrier properties of oxide scales generated on blasted Ti6Al4V surfaces
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 7, Issue 6, June 2011, Pages 2716–2725
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us