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In vitro interaction of bacteria with polypropylene/ePTFE prostheses

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13821 913 2001 4 PDF Available
Title
In vitro interaction of bacteria with polypropylene/ePTFE prostheses
Abstract

The infection of an implanted prosthetic material can have serious consequences on the tissue integration of the implant and the scarring process in the host, and may even necessitate replacement of the prosthesis. This study was designed to explore the in vitro effects of Staphylococcus aureus (Sa) and Staphylococcus epidermidis (Se) on polypropylene (PL) and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) prostheses. Fragments of PL and ePTFE were placed in a medium previously inoculated with Sa, Se or Sa+Se (1×108 cfu Sa or/and Se). Bacterial effects on the biomaterials were evaluated for 30 days through scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In order to confirm the presence of bacteria on the prostheses, specimens were Gram stained and challenged with an antibody against protein-A (a specific Sa bacterial wall component). In both methods, specimens were examined by light microscopy. The presence of bacteria as microcolonies or biofilms was detected at PL filament cross-over regions after 30 days. Bacterial colonization of the ePTFE fragments was observed in internodal areas, which led to the deformation of prosthetic filaments. The present findings indicate that Sa and Se colonize the cross-over regions of the PL filaments, whereas in ePTFE prostheses, it is the internodal areas which are mostly affected. The latter areas are of difficult access to defence agents.

Keywords
Polypropylene; ePTFE; Infection; Biofilm
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In vitro interaction of bacteria with polypropylene/ePTFE prostheses
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 22, Issue 14, 2001, Pages 2021–2024
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us