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Inhibition of human gelatinases by metals released from dental amalgam

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13822 913 2001 6 PDF Available
Title
Inhibition of human gelatinases by metals released from dental amalgam
Abstract

The interaction between metal ions and the oral environment is a major subject matter in dental research. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in pathologic oral processes such as periodontal tissue destruction, root caries, tumor invasion and temporomandibular joint disorders. The aim of this study was to test the effect of metal ions released from dental amalgam on the major gingival gelatinolytic MMPs. Gingival human explants were cultured overnight in DMEM and the activity of secreted enzymes was analyzed by gelatin zymography in buffers conditioned with dispersed phase or concentional phase dental amalgams. The major enzymes present in conditioned media were characterized as MMP-2 and MMP-9 by immunoprecipitation. The proteolytic activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were strongly inhibited by dispersed phase amalgams conditioned buffers. Inhibition of MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities was partly prevented by the addition of 1,10 phenanthroline, a divalent metal chelator, to the amalgam conditioned buffers. Dental amalgam conditioned buffer also inhibited the degradation of denatured type I collagen by purified MMP-2 on liquid phase assays. These findings suggest that the activity of oral tissue MMPs may be modulated by metal ions released from dental amalgam.

Keywords
Metal; Dental amalgam; Gelatinases; MMP; Zinc
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Inhibition of human gelatinases by metals released from dental amalgam
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 22, Issue 14, 2001, Pages 2025–2030
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us