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Structural response and relative strength of a laminated composite hip prosthesis: effects of functional activity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13858 932 2000 12 PDF Available
Title
Structural response and relative strength of a laminated composite hip prosthesis: effects of functional activity
Abstract

To obtain a better appreciation for the structural performance of a laminated composite hip prosthesis (CP), we examined in situ prosthesis structural response and relative strengths as a function of walking and stair climbing using our previously developed analysis guidelines. Accordingly, we examined overall prosthesis structural response utilizing a global continuum level modeling approach and prosthesis relative strengths using a local microstructural (or ply-level) modeling approach. As a reference and control, we examined the structural performance of the intact natural femur (NAT) and a titanium alloy (Ti) based hip prosthesis. In terms of the overall structural response, i.e., the femur/prosthesis deformational response, stem/bone interfacial stress transfer, and calcar strain energy density restored, the performance of the CP prosthesis was moderately improved over that of the control Ti prosthesis and better approximates the NAT response. In terms of relative strength, we found that the neck of the CP prosthesis failed for all activities with the exception of the mid-stance phase of level walking. However, the prosthesis appears to have sufficient relative strength for function at positions distal to the neck of the prosthesis. While these results dampen enthusiasm for consideration of laminated composite hip prostheses designed with a shape based on a metal alloy implant, they indirectly support consideration of alternate hip prosthesis structural designs such as using a better supported prosthesis neck or utilizing metal/composite hybrid constructions. Importantly, our simulation and analysis approach could be utilized in the design of other laminated composite biomedical structural components.

Keywords
Laminated composites; Finite element method; Global/local analysis; Structural response; Relative strengths
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Structural response and relative strength of a laminated composite hip prosthesis: effects of functional activity
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 21, Issue 19, October 2000, Pages 1929–1940
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us