fulltext.study @t Gmail

In vitro generation of osteochondral composites

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13879 935 2000 8 PDF Available
Title
In vitro generation of osteochondral composites
Abstract

Osteochondral repair involves the regeneration of articular cartilage and underlying bone, and the development of a well-defined tissue-to-tissue interface. We investigated tissue engineering of three-dimensional cartilage/bone composites based on biodegradable polymer scaffolds, chondrogenic and osteogenic cells. Cartilage constructs were created by cultivating primary bovine calf articular chondrocytes on polyglycolic acid meshes; bone-like constructs were created by cultivating expanded bovine calf periosteal cells on foams made of a blend of poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid and polyethylene glycol. Pairs of constructs were sutured together after 1 or 4 weeks of isolated culture, and the resulting composites were cultured for an additional 4 weeks. All composites were structurally stable and consisted of well-defined cartilaginous and bone-like tissues. The fraction of glycosaminoglycan in the cartilaginous regions increased with time, both in isolated and composite cultures. In contrast, the mineralization in bone-like regions increased during isolated culture, but remained approximately constant during the subsequent composite culture. The integration at the cartilage/bone interface was generally better for composites consisting of immature (1-week) than mature (4-week) constructs. This study demonstrates that osteochondral tissue composites for potential use in osteochondral repair can be engineered in vitro by culturing mammalian chondrocytes and periosteal cells on appropriate polymer scaffolds.

Keywords
Tissue engineering; Polyglycolic acid; Poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid; Cartilage; Bone; Osteochondral repair
First Page Preview
In vitro generation of osteochondral composites
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 21, Issue 24, 15 December 2000, Pages 2599–2606
Authors
, , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us