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Strengthening of glass-ionomer cement by compounding short fibres with CaO–P2O5–SiO2–Al2O3 glass

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13891 940 2000 8 PDF Available
Title
Strengthening of glass-ionomer cement by compounding short fibres with CaO–P2O5–SiO2–Al2O3 glass
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine if short fibres of CaO–P2O5–SiO2–Al2O3 (CPSA) glass possessing a particular aspect ratio (length/diameter) could be used as a reinforcing agent for glass-ionomer cement. The powder of a commercial glass-ionomer cement (not resin modified) was mixed with variously sized CPSA glass short fibres before mixing with the liquid of the glass-ionomer cement. The mixed powders containing 60 mass% CPSA glass short fibres (diameter, 9.7±2.1 μm, aspect ratio, 5.0±0.9) obtained maximum values of 18 and 35 MPa for the diametral tensile strength (DTS) and flexural strength (FS) of set cements, respectively, after 24 h. These DTS and FS values were 1.8 and 4.5 times larger, respectively, than those of the set glass-ionomer cement not containing short fibres. Moreover, it was found that the addition of CPSA glass short fibres was remarkably more effective in the strengthening than electric glass (a typical glass fibre) short fibres. The results suggested that the CPSA glass short fibres acted as a reinforcing agent for strengthening the glass-ionomer cement, because of the shape of short fibres and reactivity between the mixing liquid and short fibres.

Keywords
Glass ionomer cement; Glass short fibre; Mechanical property; Aspect ratio; Reactivity
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Strengthening of glass-ionomer cement by compounding short fibres with CaO–P2O5–SiO2–Al2O3 glass
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 21, Issue 20, October 2000, Pages 2051–2058
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us