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The modulation of corneal keratocyte and epithelial cell responses to poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) hydrogel surfaces: phosphorylation decreases collagenase production in vitro

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13952 982 1988 10 PDF Available
Title
The modulation of corneal keratocyte and epithelial cell responses to poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) hydrogel surfaces: phosphorylation decreases collagenase production in vitro
Abstract

We examined the regulation of collagenase production by rabbit keratocyte, epithelial and mixed keratocyte/epithelial cell cultures which were exposed to poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA) hydrogel surfaces with different chemistries and morphologies (sponge and homogeneous gels). Tissue culture modified polystyrene (TCP), used as a control surface, induced the maximum collagenase response with all cell culture types. Copolymer homogeneous gels containing 2-ethoxyethyl methacrylate (EEMA) or methyl methacrylate (MMA) induced a high response in keratocyte cultures, whilst PHEMA hydrogels induced a moderate response and the phosphorylated PHEMA (phos-PHEMA) hydrogel induced no response. Epithelial cells cultured on PHEMA, copolymer and phos-PHEMA hydrogels produced less collagenase activity than the keratocyte cells. The profile of collagenases produced by epithelial cells in response to phos-PHEMA was different to that for the other hydrogels. Co-cultured cells produced higher levels of collagenase (relative to the TCP) in response to hydrogels than did either the keratocytes or epithelial cells alone, but the response of phos-PHEMA was still the lowest. The overall enzyme response to the sponge hydrogels was lower than that to the homogeneous hydrogels, although this effect was less prominent in the keratocyte cultures. The markedly reduced and alternative collagenase responses to phosphorylated surfaces was not a consequence of cell death, and may be a phenomenon related to changes in cell surface charge and morphology.

Keywords
Keratocytes; Corneal epithelium; Collagenase; Hydrogel; Phosphorylation; Keratoprosthesis
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The modulation of corneal keratocyte and epithelial cell responses to poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) hydrogel surfaces: phosphorylation decreases collagenase production in vitro
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 20, Issue 21, November 1999, Pages 1979–1988
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us