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Effects of alginate composition on the metabolic, secretory, and growth characteristics of entrapped βTC3 mouse insulinoma cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13956 982 1999 9 PDF Available
Title
Effects of alginate composition on the metabolic, secretory, and growth characteristics of entrapped βTC3 mouse insulinoma cells
Abstract

The effects of alginate composition on cell growth as well as the metabolic and secretory profile of transformed β-cells entrapped in alginate/poly-l-lysine/alginate (APA) solid beads were investigated following entrapment of βTC3 mouse insulinoma cells in alginate composed of either high mannuronic acid or high guluronic acid residues. Entrapped cultures were maintained in spinner flasks for 40–60 days. The pattern of cell growth and the overall rates of glucose consumption and insulin secretion were investigated. Cultures of βTC3 cells entrapped in alginate composed predominantly of mannuronic acid units (77%) displayed a linear increase in the rates of glucose consumption and insulin secretion concomitant with an increase in cell population in the periphery of the beads. Conversely, cultures of βTC3 cells entrapped in alginate composed predominantly of high guluronic acid units (69%) displayed a decrease in the rates of glucose consumption and insulin secretion during the first three weeks of culture, followed by a rapid recovery that surpassed the initial rates by day 40. This biphasic pattern was concomitant to a decrease in viable cells during the first three weeks as ascertained by histology, followed by an increase in cell proliferation. Cell growth in high guluronic acid alginate took place at random locations throughout the solid bead and not in the periphery, as was the case in high mannuronic acid alginate preparations. Possible reasons for these differences and the significance of these findings in the context of a bioartificial pancreas composed of APA entrapped transformed cells are discussed.

Keywords
Alginate; Mannuronic acid; Guluronic acid; βTC3 Insulinoma cells
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Effects of alginate composition on the metabolic, secretory, and growth characteristics of entrapped βTC3 mouse insulinoma cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 20, Issue 21, November 1999, Pages 2019–2027
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us