Viscoelastic properties of some soft lining materials II—ageing characteristics
A non-resonant forced vibration, dynamic mechanical analyser was employed to measure the viscoelastic characteristics of soft lining materials at 1 Hz, after storage in distilled water at mouth temperature for periods up to and including one year. The six commercial products included methacrylate, silicone, and phosphazine based polymers and the one experimental material was a methacrylate. Water sorption of the soft liners, recorded by change in sample mass, ranged from −4.39 to +48.57% and their solubilities from 0.13 to 13.58%, after one year. The heat-cured silicone was the most stable polymer in water in contrast to its autopolymerised counterpart. The excessive water uptake of this latter material resulted in a massive reduction in modulus. At the other extreme one methacrylate with a high plasticiser content hardened substantially after ageing (modulus changed from 5.87 to 72.3 MPa). Changes in loss tangent data were relatively small for all the polymers tested, even for materials with high water uptake. Reduced leaching and/or plasticiser content have led to a more stable generation of soft lining materials.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 20, Issue 21, November 1999, Pages 2055–2062