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Titanium, chromium and cobalt ions modulate the release of bone-associated cytokines by human monocytes/macrophages in vitro ☆

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
13977 991 1996 8 PDF Available
Title
Titanium, chromium and cobalt ions modulate the release of bone-associated cytokines by human monocytes/macrophages in vitro ☆
Abstract

Osteolysis has become a major cause of aseptic loosening in total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Titanium, cobalt and chromium are commonly used in orthopaedic implants (e.g. joint prostheses). The release of bone-associated cytokines has been associated with the development of osteolysis in patients with prostheses. We evaluated the effects of these metals on the release of bone-associated cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and TGF-β1) by human blood monocytes/macrophages and monocyte-like U937 cells upon lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation, the cell proliferation, and their cytotoxic effects on these cells in vitro. We found that the release of IL-1β was enhanced by titanium, chromium and cobalt, the release of TNF-α was enhanced by titanium and chromium, and the release of IL-6 was enhanced by titanium. All three metal ions inhibited the release of TGF-β1. We also found that titanium and chromium, but not cobalt, enhanced blood monocyte/macrophage proliferation in response to LPS while only titanium enhanced U937 cell proliferation in response to LPS. The metals in concentrations ranging from 0.01 to 100 ngml−1 did not stimulate the cells to secrete detectable cytokines in the absence of LPS. Furthermore, a 4-h pre-exposure of blood monocytes/macrophages or U937 cells to the metals did not alter cytokine release when the metals were removed from the media prior to the addition of LPS. Similarly, a 4-h pre-exposure of blood monocytes/macrophages or U937 cells to LPS did not alter cytokine release when LPS was removed from the media prior to the addition of the metals. The metals did not reduce cell viability and induce cell injury after 72 h incubation with the cells. The data suggest that the three metals at clinically relevant concentrations modulated cytokine expression, whereas they did not induce any cytotoxic effects. A metal-induced enhancement of boneresorbing cytokine release with a concomitant inhibition of bone-forming cytokine release may be an important factor in the development of osteolysis, which can severely compromise the outcome of TJA.

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Titanium, chromium and cobalt ions modulate the release of bone-associated cytokines by human monocytes/macrophages in vitro ☆
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 17, Issue 23, 1996, Pages 2233-2240
Authors
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us