Quantitative analysis of fibroblast morphology on microgrooved surfaces with various groove and ridge dimensions
Fibroblasts have been shown to respond to substratum surface roughness. The change in cell size, shape and orientation of rat dermal fibroblasts (RDF) was therefore studied using smooth and microtextured silicone rubber substrata. The microtextured substrata possessed parallel surface microgrooves that ranged in width from 1.0 to 10.0 μm, and were separated by ridges of 1.0 to 10.0 μm. The grooves were either 0.45 or 1.00 μm deep. Prior to incubation, the substrata were cleaned and given a radio frequency glow discharge treatment. After surface evaluation with scanning electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy, RDF were incubated on these substrata for 5 days. During this period of incubation, the RDF were photographed on days 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, using phase contrast microscopy. Digital image analysis of these images revealed that on surfaces with a ridge width ≤4.0μm, cells were highly orientated (< 10°) and elongated along the surface grooves. Protrusions contacting the ridges specifically could be seen. If the ridge width was larger than 4.0 μm, cellular orientation was random (≈45°) and the shape of the RDF became more circular. Furthermore, results showed that the ridge width is the most important parameter, since varying the groove width and groove depth did not affect the RDF size, shape, nor the angle of cellular orientation.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 17, Issue 21, November 1996, Pages 2037-2044