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Biocompatibility of sulphonated polyurethane surfaces

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
14039 1069 1994 8 PDF Available
Title
Biocompatibility of sulphonated polyurethane surfaces
Abstract

Surfaces of medical devices made of polymeric materials may promote thrombosis and inflammation. Therefore, in an attempt to produce surfaces which might diminish biomaterial-mediated thrombosis and inflammation, surface derivatization with 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulphonic acid (AMPS®) was carried out. The derivatization procedure generates free radicals which initiate the copolymerization of AMPS monomers directly to a polyurethane surface. In an in vitro blood loop study using non-anticoagulated human blood, the resulting AMPS-derivatized material completely abrogates the generation of fibrinopeptide A, decreases the production of β-thromboglobulin and C3a, and decreases the adherence of platelets. The derivatized material also attracts fewer adherent neutrophils when implanted in mice. However, AMPS derivatization unexpectedly increases the recruitment of macrophages to implanted material and promotes the formation of adherent sleeve thrombi on central venous catheters indwelling in non-anticoagulated canine femoral veins. Thus, AMPS derivatization has highly variable effects on inflammatory and thrombotic systems. Further investigation is clearly required to determine the mechanisms underlying both desired and adverse effects.

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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 17, Issue 20, October 1996, Pages 1987-1994
Authors
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us