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Biological and physico-chemical assessment of hydroxyapatite (HA) with different porosity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
14133 1175 2007 5 PDF Available
Title
Biological and physico-chemical assessment of hydroxyapatite (HA) with different porosity
Abstract

HA with specific internal porosities was loaded with different antibiotics (ATBs) and then tested on its microbiological effectiveness. The HA purity was controlled with X-ray diffraction, IR and Raman spectrometry. Varying the sintering temperature and/or adding graphite and PMMA as porogenous agents lead to obtained micro- and meso-porosities. The biological tests concerned cell viability, proliferation and morphology (SEM), and the cytochemical staining of actin and vinculin. The micro- and meso-porous HA samples had an internal pore size of 1–10 μm and 10–50 μm, respectively. X-ray diffraction and FTIR confirmed the high purity of the HA. The cell viability tests with L132 cells confirmed the excellent cytocompatibility of HA, the graphite powder and the ATB vancomycine. Proliferation rate was assessed with MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts. All HA samples produced a higher proliferation than the controls; the micro-porous HA inducing the highest cell growth. The ATB impregnated HA also stimulated cell proliferation but in lower extend. Cytochemical staining of osteoblasts revealed a well-developed cytoskeleton with strong stress fibres. Labelling of the focal adhesion contacts with anti-vinculin showed a less developed adhesion process in the cells on the different HA substrates. It was possible to realize a highly pure hydroxyapatite with different but controlled porosities by varying the sintering temperature and/or addition of a porogenous agents. This purity and the micro-porosity stimulate significantly cell growth.

Keywords
Hydroxyapatite; Micro-porosity; Cell response; Drug delivery system
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Biological and physico-chemical assessment of hydroxyapatite (HA) with different porosity
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomolecular Engineering - Volume 24, Issue 5, November 2007, Pages 505–509
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us