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Antibacterial activation of hydroxyapatite (HA) with controlled porosity by different antibiotics

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
14134 1175 2007 5 PDF Available
Title
Antibacterial activation of hydroxyapatite (HA) with controlled porosity by different antibiotics
Abstract

In order to prevent the increasing frequency of per-operative infections, bioceramics can be loaded with anti-bacterial agents, which will release with respect to their chemical characteristics. A novel hydroxyapatite (HA) was elaborated with specific internal porosities for using as a bone-bioactive antibiotic (ATB) carrier material. UV spectrophotometry and bacteria inhibition tests were performed for testing the ATB adsorption and the microbiological effectiveness after loading with different antibiotics. The impregnation time, ATB impregnating concentration, impregnation condition and other factors, which might influence the ATB loading effect, were studied by exposure to different releasing solvents and different pathogenic bacteria: Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Escherichia coli. It clearly showed that the facility of ATB loading on this porous HA is even possible just under simple non-vacuum impregnation conditions in a not-so-long impregnating interval. The results also showed that, for all three types of ATB (vancomycin, ciprofloxacin and gentamicin), adsorbed amount on the micro-porous HA were hugely higher than that on dense HA. The micro-porosity of test HA had also significantly prolonged the release time of antibiotics even under mimic physiological conditions. Furthermore, it also has primarily proved by a pilot test that the antibacterial efficiency of crude micro-porous HA could be further significantly improved by other methods of functionalization such as cold plasma technique.

Keywords
Hydroxyapatite; Microporosity; Antibiotic loading; Antibacterial efficiency; Cold plasma
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Antibacterial activation of hydroxyapatite (HA) with controlled porosity by different antibiotics
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomolecular Engineering - Volume 24, Issue 5, November 2007, Pages 510–514
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us