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The complement of family M1 aminopeptidases of Haemonchus contortus — Biotechnological implications

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
14183 1186 2016 12 PDF Available
Title
The complement of family M1 aminopeptidases of Haemonchus contortus — Biotechnological implications
Abstract

Although substantial research has been focused on the ‘hidden antigen’ H11 of Haemonchus contortus as a vaccine against haemonchosis in small ruminants, little is know about this and related aminopeptidases. In the present article, we reviewed genomic and transcriptomic data sets to define, for the first time, the complement of aminopeptidases (designated Hc-AP-1 to Hc-AP-13) of the family M1 with homologues in Caenorhabditis elegans, characterised by zinc-binding (HEXXH) and exo-peptidase (GAMEN) motifs. The three previously published H11 isoforms (accession nos. X94187, FJ481146 and AJ249941) had most sequence similarity to Hc-AP-2 and Hc-AP-8, whereas unpublished isoforms (accession nos. AJ249942 and AJ311316) were both most similar to Hc-AP-3. The aminopeptidases characterised here had homologues in C. elegans. Hc-AP-1 to Hc-AP-8 were most similar in amino acid sequence (28–41%) to C. elegans T07F10.1; Hc-AP-9 and Hc-AP-10 to C. elegans PAM-1 (isoform b) (53–54% similar); Hc-AP-11 and Hc-AP-12 to C. elegans AC3.5 and Y67D8C.9 (26% and 50% similar, respectively); and Hc-AP-13 to C. elegans C42C1.11 and ZC416.6 (50–58% similar). Comparative analysis suggested that Hc-AP-1 to Hc-AP-8 play roles in digestion, metabolite excretion, neuropeptide processing and/or osmotic regulation, with Hc-AP-4 and Hc-AP-7 having male-specific functional roles. The analysis also indicated that Hc-AP-9 and Hc-AP-10 might be involved in the degradation of cyclin (B3) and required to complete meiosis. Hc-AP-11 represents a leucyl/cystinyl aminopeptidase, predicted to have metallopeptidase and zinc ion binding activity, whereas Hc-AP-12 likely encodes an aminopeptidase Q homologue also with these activities and a possible role in gonad function. Finally, Hc-AP-13 is predicted to encode an aminopeptidase AP-1 homologue of C. elegans with hydrolase activity, suggested to operate, possibly synergistically with a PEPT-1 ortholog, as an oligopeptide transporter in the gut for protein uptake and normal development and/or reproduction of the worm. An appraisal of structure-based amino acid sequence alignments revealed that all conceptually translated Hc-AP proteins, with the exception of Hc-AP-12, adopt a topology similar to those observed for the two subgroups of mammalian M1 aminopeptidases, which possess either three (I, II and IV) or four (I–IV) domains. In contrast, Hc-AP-12 lacks the N-terminal domain (I), but possesses a substantially expanded domain III. Although further work needs to be done to assess amino acid sequence conservation of the different aminopeptidases among individual worms within and among H. contortus populations, we hope that these insights will support future localisation, structural and functional studies of these molecules in H. contortus as well as facilitate future assessments of a recombinant subunit or cocktail vaccine against haemonchosis.

Keywords
Haemonchus contortus; H11; Hidden antigen; Aminopeptidases (family M1); Immunogens; Transcription profiles; Structure models
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The complement of family M1 aminopeptidases of Haemonchus contortus — Biotechnological implications
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biotechnology Advances - Volume 34, Issue 2, March–April 2016, Pages 65–76
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us