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Trace metal speciation and bioavailability in anaerobic digestion: A review

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
14187 1186 2016 15 PDF Available
Title
Trace metal speciation and bioavailability in anaerobic digestion: A review
Abstract

•Summarizes recent studies on the concentration of essential metals required for various anaerobic digestion systems•Critically reviews the effects of operating parameters on metal speciation in anaerobic digesters•Looks at recent and novel analytical techniques to determine metal speciation and evaluate metal bioavailability•Highlights the lack of an in-depth understanding of trace metal speciation and bioavailability in anaerobic digestion•Identifies the gaps and research needs in the area of trace metal speciation and bioavailability in anaerobic digestion

Trace metals are essential for the growth of anaerobic microorganisms, however, in practice they are often added to anaerobic digesters in excessive amounts, which can lead to inhibition. The concept of bioavailability of metals in anaerobic digestion has been poorly understood in the past, and a lack of deep understanding of the relationship between trace metal speciation and bioavailability can result in ineffective metal dosing strategies for anaerobic digesters. Sequential extraction schemes are useful for fractionating trace metals into their different forms, and metal sulfides can serve as a store and source for trace metals during anaerobic digestion, while natural/synthetic chelating agents (soluble microbial products-SMPs, extracellular polysaccharides-EPS, and EDTA/NTA) are capable of controlling trace metal bioavailability. Nevertheless, more work is needed to: investigate the speciation and bioavailability of Ca, Mg, Mn, W, and Se; compare the bioavailability of different forms of trace metals e.g. carbonates, sulfides, phosphates to different anaerobic trophic groups; determine what factors influence metal sulfide dissolution; investigate whether chelating agents can increase trace metal bioavailability; develop and adapt specialized analytical techniques, and; determine how trace metal dynamics change in an anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR).

Keywords
Trace metals; Speciation; Bioavailability; Anaerobic digestion; Metal deficiency; Metal supplementation; Metal sulfide; Metal complexation
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Trace metal speciation and bioavailability in anaerobic digestion: A review
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biotechnology Advances - Volume 34, Issue 2, March–April 2016, Pages 122–136
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us