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Mucor indicus: Biology and industrial application perspectives: A review

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
14388 1215 2013 16 PDF Available
Title
Mucor indicus: Biology and industrial application perspectives: A review
Abstract

Mucor indicus, one of the most important strains of zygomycetes fungi, has been the subject of several studies since a couple of hundred years ago. This fungus, regarded as a non-pathogenic dimorphic microorganism, is used for production of several beers and foods. Morphology of the fungus can be manipulated and well controlled by changing a number of parameters. Furthermore, M. indicus can grow on a variety of substrates including lignocellulosic hydrolysates which are mixtures of hexoses, pentoses, and different severe fermentation inhibitors. Indeed, high yield ethanol production is among the most important features of this strain. Presence of considerable amounts of chitosan in the cell wall is another important aspect of the fungus. Besides production of ethanol and chitosan, the biomass of this fungus has shown a great potential to be used as a rich nutritional source, e.g. fish feed. The fungus is also among the oleaginous fungi and produces high amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids particularly γ-linolenic acid. Furthermore, the biomass autolysate has a high potential for yeast extract replacement in fermentation by the fungus. Additionally, the strain has shown promising results in heavy metal removal from wastewaters. This review discusses different aspects of biology and industrial application perspectives of M. indicus. Furthermore, open areas for the future basic and applied levels of research are also presented.

► This review discusses the results of more than 150 years research on M. indicus ► Morphology, biosynthesis, metabolism, and applications of M. indicus were reviewed ► This oleaginous fungus can be used for fungal extract and fish feed production ► It has a high potential in ethanol and chitosan production from lignocelluloses ► Open areas for the basic and applied levels of research are presented

Keywords
Biology; Chitosan; Ethanol; Fish feed; Fungal extract; γ-Linolenic acid; Morphology; Mucor indicus (rouxii); Oleaginous fungus; Wastewater treatment
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biotechnology Advances - Volume 31, Issue 4, July–August 2013, Pages 466–481
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us