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Biotechnological and industrial significance of cyanobacterial secondary metabolites

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
14514 1225 2009 19 PDF Available
Title
Biotechnological and industrial significance of cyanobacterial secondary metabolites
Abstract

Cyanobacteria are considered to be a rich source of novel metabolites of a great importance from a biotechnological and industrial point of view. Some cyanobacterial secondary metabolites (CSMs), exhibit toxic effects on living organisms. A diverse range of these cyanotoxins may have ecological roles as allelochemicals, and could be employed for the commercial development of compounds with applications such as algaecides, herbicides and insecticides. Recently, cyanobacteria have become an attractive source of innovative classes of pharmacologically active compounds showing interesting and exciting biological activities ranging from antibiotics, immunosuppressant, and anticancer, antiviral, antiinflammatory to proteinase-inhibiting agents. A different but not less interesting property of these microorganisms is their capacity of overcoming the toxicity of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) by means of UV-absorbing/screening compounds, such as mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) and scytonemin. These last two compounds are true ‘multipurpose’ secondary metabolites and considered to be natural photoprotectants. In this sense, they may be biotechnologically exploited by the cosmetic industry. Overall CSMs are striking targets in biotechnology and biomedical research, because of their potential applications in agriculture, industry, and especially in pharmaceuticals.

Keywords
Cyanobacteria; Cyanotoxins; Biocides; Siderophores; Phytohormones; UVR; MAAs; Scytonemin
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Biotechnological and industrial significance of cyanobacterial secondary metabolites
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biotechnology Advances - Volume 27, Issue 4, July–August 2009, Pages 521–539
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
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