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Omega-3: A link between global climate change and human health

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
14550 1228 2011 3 PDF Available
Omega-3: A link between global climate change and human health

In recent years, global climate change has been shown to detrimentally affect many biological and environmental factors, including those of marine ecosystems. In particular, global climate change has been linked to an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide, UV irradiation, and ocean temperatures, resulting in decreased marine phytoplankton growth and reduced synthesis of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Marine phytoplankton are the primary producers of omega-3 PUFAs, which are essential nutrients for normal human growth and development and have many beneficial effects on human health. Thus, these detrimental effects of climate change on the oceans may reduce the availability of omega-3 PUFAs in our diets, exacerbating the modern deficiency of omega-3 PUFAs and imbalance of the tissue omega-6/omega-3 PUFA ratio, which have been associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and neurodegenerative disease. This article provides new insight into the relationship between global climate change and human health by identifying omega-3 PUFA availability as a potentially important link, and proposes a biotechnological strategy for addressing the potential shortage of omega-3 PUFAs in human diets resulting from global climate change.

Global climate change; Phytoplankton; Photosynthesis; Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids; Omega-6/omega-3 ratio; Ocean sustainability; Human nutrition; Public health; Human diseases; Biotechnology
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Omega-3: A link between global climate change and human health
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biotechnology Advances - Volume 29, Issue 4, July–August 2011, Pages 388–390
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering