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Novel soy protein scaffolds for tissue regeneration: Material characterization and interaction with human mesenchymal stem cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
1471 84 2012 10 PDF Available
Title
Novel soy protein scaffolds for tissue regeneration: Material characterization and interaction with human mesenchymal stem cells
Abstract

Soy protein modified with heat treatment and enzyme crosslinking using transglutaminase in maltodextrin was used to fabricate novel, porous three-dimensional scaffolds through lyophilization. Physical properties of scaffolds were characterized using scanning electron microscopy, mercury intrusion porosimetry, moisture content analysis and mechanical testing. Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) were seeded and cultured in vitro on the scaffolds for up to 2 weeks, and changes in stem cell growth and morphology were examined. The resulting scaffolds had rough surfaces, irregular pores with size distributions between 10 and 125 μm, <5% moisture content and compressive moduli ranging between 50 and 100 Pa. Enzyme treatment significantly lowered the moisture content. Increasing amounts of applied enzyme units lowered the median pore size. Although enzyme treatment did not affect the mechanical properties of the scaffolds, it did increase the degradation time by at least 1 week. These changes in scaffold degradation altered the growth and morphology of seeded hMSC. Cell proliferation was observed in scaffolds containing 3% soy protein isolate treated with 1 U of transglutaminase. These results demonstrate that controlling scaffold degradation rates is crucial for optimizing hMSC growth on soy protein scaffolds and that soy protein scaffolds have the potential to be used in tissue engineering applications.

Keywords
Soy protein; Scaffold; Transglutaminase; Stem cell; Degradation
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Novel soy protein scaffolds for tissue regeneration: Material characterization and interaction with human mesenchymal stem cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 8, Issue 2, February 2012, Pages 694–703
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us