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Comparison of the pyrolysis behavior of lignins from different tree species

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
14726 1244 2009 6 PDF Available
Title
Comparison of the pyrolysis behavior of lignins from different tree species
Abstract

Despite the increasing importance of biomass pyrolysis, little is known about the pyrolysis behavior of lignin—one of the main components of biomass—due to its structural complexity and the difficulty in its isolation. In the present study, we extracted lignins from Manchurian ash (Fraxinus mandschurica) and Mongolian Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica) using the Bjorkman procedure, which has little effect on the structure of lignin. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometry was used to characterize the microstructure of the Bjorkman lignins, i.e., milled wood lignins (MWLs), from the different tree species. The pyrolysis characteristics of MWLs were investigated using a thermogravimetric analyzer, and the release of the main volatile and gaseous products of pyrolysis were detected by FTIR spectroscopy. During the pyrolysis process, MWLs underwent thermo-degradation over a wide temperature range. Manchurian ash MWL showed a much higher thermal degradation rate than Mongolian Scots pine MWL in the temperature range from 290–430 °C. High residue yields were achieved at 37 wt.% for Mongolian Scots pine MWL and 26 wt.% for Manchurian ash MWL. In order to further investigate the mechanisms of lignin pyrolysis, we also analyzed the FTIR profiles for the main pyrolysis products (CO2, CO, methane, methanol, phenols and formaldehyde) and investigated the variation in pyrolysis products between the different MWLs.

Keywords
Milled wood lignins; Pyrolysis; Thermogravimetric analysis; FTIR
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Comparison of the pyrolysis behavior of lignins from different tree species
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biotechnology Advances - Volume 27, Issue 5, September–October 2009, Pages 562–567
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us