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Surface immobilization of bone morphogenetic protein 2 via a self-assembled monolayer formation induces cell differentiation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
1479 84 2012 9 PDF Available
Title
Surface immobilization of bone morphogenetic protein 2 via a self-assembled monolayer formation induces cell differentiation
Abstract

Bone extracellular matrix consists of a network of proteins in which growth factors, like bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2), are embedded and released upon matrix turnover and degradation. Recombinant human (rh)BMP-2 shows promise in enhancing bone fracture repair, although issues regarding finding a suitable delivery system still limit its extensive clinical use. The aim of this study is to determine which cell activities are triggered by the presentation of immobilized rhBMP-2. For this purpose gold surfaces were first decorated with a self-assembled monolayer consisting of a hetero-bifunctional linker. rhBMP-2 was covalently bound to the surfaces via this linker and used to investigate the cellular responses of C2C12 myoblasts. We show that covalently immobilized rhBMP-2 (iBMP-2) initiates short-term signaling events. Using a BMP-responsive reporter gene assay and western blotting to monitor phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 we prove that iBMP-2 activates BMP-dependent signal transduction. Furthermore, we demonstrate that iBMP-2 suppresses myotube formation and promotes the osteoblast phenotype in C2C12 cells. The bioactivity of surface-bound rhBMP-2 presented in this study is not due to its release into the medium. As such, our simple approach paves the way for the controlled local presentation of immobilized growth factors, limiting degradation while still maintaining biological activity.

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Keywords
Bone morphogenetic protein; Gold; Self-assembled monolayers; Immobilized growth factors; Cell differentiation
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Surface immobilization of bone morphogenetic protein 2 via a self-assembled monolayer formation induces cell differentiation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 8, Issue 2, February 2012, Pages 772–780
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us