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Modulation of MAPK signalling by immobilized adhesive peptides: Effect on stem cell response to BMP-9-derived peptides

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
148 11 2016 11 PDF Available
Title
Modulation of MAPK signalling by immobilized adhesive peptides: Effect on stem cell response to BMP-9-derived peptides
Abstract

Biomimetic materials were developed to regulate stem cell behaviour. We have analyzed the influence of polycaprolactone (PCL) films, functionalized with adhesive peptides derived from fibronectin (pFibro) or bone sialoprotein (pBSP), on the response of murine multipotent C3H10T1/2 cells to bone morphogenetic protein-9 (BMP-9) and its derived peptides (pBMP-9 and SpBMP-9). PCL-pFibro promoted better cell cytoskeleton organization and faster focal adhesion kinase activation than did PCL-pBSP. PCL-pFibro also promoted MAPK signalling to improve the cell response to BMP-9 by inactivating ERK1/2 and stimulating p38 and JNK. BMP-9, pBMP-9 and SpBMP-9 induced greater phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 in cells attached to PCL-pFibro than in cells on PCL-pBSP. These phosphorylated Smad1/5/8 were translocated to the nucleus. BMP-9 and its derived peptides restored the phosphorylation of JNK in cells on PCL-pBSP, but it remained less phosphorylated than in cells on PCL-pFibro stimulated with pBMP-9 and SpBMP-9. Cells attached to PCL-pFibro contained more Runx2, essential for stem cell commitment to become osteoblasts, than did cells on PCL-pBSP when incubated with BMP-9 and its derived peptides. Runx2 was no longer detected when the cells were pre-treated with JNK inhibitor. Therefore pFibro plus BMP-9 and its derived peptides may be a promising strategy to develop biomimetic materials.Statement of significanceBiomaterials functionalized with adhesive peptides to favour bone repair have generated a great interest over the past decade. However, the effect of these materials on the ability of cells to respond to growth factors remains poorly known. One major growth factor subfamily involved in bone formation is the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP). However, these BMPs are expensive. We therefore developed less costly derived molecules. We showed how adhesive peptides derived from bone matrix proteins grafted onto polymer films affect the intracellular signalling and thus the ability of stem cells to be activated by BMP and its derived molecules. We have therefore identified a combination of bioactive polymers and BMP molecules that direct the stem cells towards bone forming cells.

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Keywords
Integrin; Bone morphogenetic proteins; Cell signalling; Runx2
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Modulation of MAPK signalling by immobilized adhesive peptides: Effect on stem cell response to BMP-9-derived peptides
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 31, February 2016, Pages 241–251
Authors
, , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us