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Material-related effects of BMP-2 delivery systems on bone regeneration

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
1480 84 2012 11 PDF Available
Material-related effects of BMP-2 delivery systems on bone regeneration

Material-related effects of a brushite and a PLGA controlled release system loaded with two distinct doses of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) (3.5 and 17.5 μg), pre-encapsulated in poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), were investigated in an intramedullary femur defect model in rabbits. The systems were characterized in vitro and in vivo over 12 weeks in terms of morphology, release kinetics, porosity, molecular weight, and composition using scanning electron microscopy, mercury porosimetry, radioactivity counting, X-ray diffractometry, differential scanning calorimetry, and gel permeation chromatography. During the experimental period the investigated systems underwent significant changes in vitro as well as in vivo. It should be stressed that the two in vitro release patterns were similar, however in vivo parallel profiles were observed with a higher burst effect for BMP-2 in the PLGA system. The PLGA system degraded and disintegrated significantly faster than the brushite system, which suffered slowly progressing external erosion and, additionally, material resorption by osteoclasts in vivo. The consequences of this were reflected in the degree of bone regeneration. Although a sustained delivery of BMP-2 was achieved with both systems, the brushite construct, independent of the loaded growth factor dose, failed to consistently induce defect repair, a result attributed to its slow resorption rate. In contrast, the PLGA system resulted in complete regeneration with mature trabecular bone formation 8 weeks after implantation.

Graphical abstractMaterial-related effects of a brushite (slow resoprtion) and a PLGA (fast resorption) controlled-release system loaded with BMP-2 in a bone defect. The effect obtained with PLGA system resulted in complete regeneration 8 weeks after implantation.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (141 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Brushite; Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid); Delivery system; Bone regeneration; Bone morphogenetic protein-2
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Material-related effects of BMP-2 delivery systems on bone regeneration
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 8, Issue 2, February 2012, Pages 781–791
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Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering