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Biosynthesis and regulation of carotenoids in Dunaliella: Progresses and prospects

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
14802 1252 2008 9 PDF Available
Title
Biosynthesis and regulation of carotenoids in Dunaliella: Progresses and prospects
Abstract

Natural carotenoids are high in demand in global market owing to their widespread applications in nutrition, medicine, food coloring agent and cosmetic, as well as to the natural and healthy preference of consumers today. Some strains of Dunaliella are well known for their talent of massive β-carotene accumulation. Content of the high bioavailability stereoisomer of β-carotene, the 9-cis stereoisomer, is highest in Dunaliella among all the natural carotenoids sources. These valuable algae have been exploited commercially for β-carotene-rich Dunaliella powder and natural β-carotene in many countries since 1980s. However, drawbacks of traditional production methods have hampered the worldwide promotion of carotenoids production with Dunaliella. To shake off the dilemma, complete understanding of carotenogenic mechanism is urgent. Carotenogenic mechanism in Dunaliella is described in present paper, including carotenogenic pathway and its regulation. Generally, it seems that carotenogenic pathway in Dunaliella is close to the one of higher plants. It is known that reactive oxygen species (ROS) were involved in signal transduction for gene activation. Induction of ROS is in parallel with the enhanced β-carotene accumulation in Dunaliella. It is suggested that ROS trigger massive carotenoids accumulation in Dunaliella. It also revealed that relation may exist between enhanced β-carotene accumulation and lipid metabolism. For the talent of β-carotene synthesis, it is possible that Dunaliella massively accumulates β-carotene and other high-value carotenoids by genetic technologies.

Keywords
Apx, ascorbate peroxidase; Cgp, carotene globule protein; crt genes, carotenogenic genes; crt enzymes, carotenogenic enzymes; DMAPP, dimethylallyl pyrophosphate; DPME, 4-diphosphocytidyl-2-C-methyl-d-erythritol; DXP, 1-deoxy-d-xylulose 5-phosphate; dxs, g
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Biosynthesis and regulation of carotenoids in Dunaliella: Progresses and prospects
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biotechnology Advances - Volume 26, Issue 4, July–August 2008, Pages 352–360
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us