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Biotechnological significance of toxic marine dinoflagellates

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
14818 1255 2007 19 PDF Available
Title
Biotechnological significance of toxic marine dinoflagellates
Abstract

Dinoflagellates are microalgae that are associated with the production of many marine toxins. These toxins poison fish, other wildlife and humans. Dinoflagellate-associated human poisonings include paralytic shellfish poisoning, diarrhetic shellfish poisoning, neurotoxic shellfish poisoning, and ciguatera fish poisoning. Dinoflagellate toxins and bioactives are of increasing interest because of their commercial impact, influence on safety of seafood, and potential medical and other applications. This review discusses biotechnological methods of identifying toxic dinoflagellates and detecting their toxins. Potential applications of the toxins are discussed. A lack of sufficient quantities of toxins for investigational purposes remains a significant limitation. Producing quantities of dinoflagellate bioactives requires an ability to mass culture them. Considerations relating to bioreactor culture of generally fragile and slow-growing dinoflagellates are discussed. Production and processing of dinoflagellates to extract bioactives, require attention to biosafety considerations as outlined in this review.

Keywords
AOAC, Association of Official Analytical Chemists; ASP, Amnesic shellfish poisoning; AZAs, Azaspiracids; AZP, Azaspiracid shellfish poisoning; bFGF, Basic fibroblast growth factor; CFP, Ciguatera fish poisoning; CTXs, Ciguatoxins; DGGE, Denaturing gradien
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biotechnology Advances - Volume 25, Issue 2, March–April 2007, Pages 176–194
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us