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Identification and characterization of potential drug targets by subtractive genome analyses of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
15142 1381 2014 9 PDF Available
Title
Identification and characterization of potential drug targets by subtractive genome analyses of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Abstract

•Subtractive genomics strategy was employed on genomes of two strains of MRSA.•The strategy resulted in short listing of few non-homologous/hypothetical and essential proteins as potential therapeutic targets.•Shortlisted sequences were then characterized for their druggability potential by Drug Bank database.•The protocol is validated by identifying one of the confirmed drug targets against MRSA.

Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) causes serious infections in humans and becomes resistant to a number of antibiotics. Due to the emergence of antibiotic resistance strains, there is an essential need to develop novel drug targets to address the challenge of multidrug-resistant bacteria. In current study, the idea was to utilize the available genome or proteome in a subtractive genome analyses protocol to identify drug targets within two of the MRSA types, i.e., MRSA ST398 and MRSA 252. Recently, the use of subtractive genomic approaches helped in the identification and characterization of novel drug targets of a number of pathogens. Our protocol involved a similarity search between pathogen and host, essentiality study using the database of essential genes, metabolic functional association study using Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes database (KEGG), cellular membrane localization analysis and Drug Bank database. Functional family characterizations of the identified non homologous hypothetical essential proteins were done by SVMProt server. Druggability potential of each of the identified drug targets was also evaluated by Drug Bank database. Moreover, metabolic pathway analysis of the identified druggable essential proteins with KEGG revealed that the identified proteins are participating in unique and essential metabolic pathways amongst MRSA strains.In short, the complete proteome analyses by the use of advanced computational tools, databases and servers resulted in identification and characterization of few nonhomologous/hypothetical and essential proteins which are not homologous to the host genome. Therefore, these non-homologous essential targets ensure the survival of the pathogen and hence can be targeted for drug discovery.

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Keywords
S. aureus; Subtractive genome; Proteome; Methicillin resistant; Druggability
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Identification and characterization of potential drug targets by subtractive genome analyses of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Computational Biology and Chemistry - Volume 48, February 2014, Pages 55–63
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us