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Statistical analysis and exposure status classification of transmembrane beta barrel residues

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
15234 1394 2011 12 PDF Available
Title
Statistical analysis and exposure status classification of transmembrane beta barrel residues
Abstract

Several computational methods exist for the identification of transmembrane beta barrel proteins (TMBs) from sequence. Some of these methods also provide the transmembrane (TM) boundaries of the putative TMBs. The aim of this study is to (1) derive the propensities of the TM residues to be exposed to the lipid bilayer and (2) to predict the exposure status (i.e. exposed to the bilayer or hidden in protein structure) of TMB residues. Three novel propensity scales namely, BTMC, BTMI and HTMI were derived for the TMB residues at the hydrophobic core region of the outer membrane (OM), the lipid–water interface regions of the OM, and for the helical membrane proteins (HMPs) residues at the lipid–water interface regions of the inner membrane (IM), respectively. Separate propensity scales were derived for monomeric and functionally oligomeric TMBs. The derived propensities reflect differing physico-chemical properties of the respective membrane bilayer regions and were employed in a computational method for the prediction of the exposure status of TMB residues. Based on the these propensities, the conservation indices and the frequency profile of the residues, the transmembrane residues were classified into buried/exposed with an accuracy of 77.91% and 80.42% for the residues at the membrane core and the interface regions, respectively. The correlation of the derived scales with different physico-chemical properties obtained from the AAIndex database are also discussed. Knowledge about the residue propensities and burial status will be useful in annotating putative TMBs with unknown structure.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► We derived three novel propensity scales that capture the propensity of transmembrane residues to be exposed to the bilayer. ► Propensity scales and residue conservation can be used to predict the exposure status of TM residues. ► Exposure status prediction accuracy is 77.9% (membrane core residues) and 80.4% (interface residues), respectively. ► Scales reveal interesting differences between monomeric and oligomeric TMBs.

Keywords
Transmembrane beta barrel proteins; Exposure status; Propensity scales
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Statistical analysis and exposure status classification of transmembrane beta barrel residues
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Computational Biology and Chemistry - Volume 35, Issue 2, April 2011, Pages 96–107
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us