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Detecting conserved secondary structures in RNA molecules using constrained structural alignment

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
15352 1406 2008 9 PDF Available
Title
Detecting conserved secondary structures in RNA molecules using constrained structural alignment
Abstract

Constrained sequence alignment has been studied extensively in the past. Different forms of constraints have been investigated, where a constraint can be a subsequence, a regular expression, or a probability matrix of symbols and positions. However, constrained structural alignment has been investigated to a much lesser extent. In this paper, we present an efficient method for constrained structural alignment and apply the method to detecting conserved secondary structures, or structural motifs, in a set of RNA molecules. The proposed method combines both sequence and structural information of RNAs to find an optimal local alignment between two RNA secondary structures, one of which is a query and the other is a subject structure in the given set. The method allows a biologist to annotate conserved regions, or constraints, in the query RNA structure and incorporates these regions into the alignment process to obtain biologically more meaningful alignment scores. A statistical measure is developed to assess the significance of the scores. Experimental results based on detecting internal ribosome entry sites in the RNA molecules of hepatitis C virus and Trypanosoma brucei demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method and its superiority over existing techniques.

Keywords
Constrained structural alignment; RNA motif; Viruses and protozoa
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Computational Biology and Chemistry - Volume 32, Issue 4, August 2008, Pages 264–272
Authors
, , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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