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Why does β-secretase zymogen possess catalytic activity? Molecular modeling and molecular dynamics simulation studies

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
15453 1414 2007 10 PDF Available
Title
Why does β-secretase zymogen possess catalytic activity? Molecular modeling and molecular dynamics simulation studies
Abstract

β-secretase is a potential target for inhibitory drugs against Alzheimer's disease as it cleaves amyloid precursor protein (APP) to form insoluble amyloid plaques and vascular deposits in the brain. β-secretase is matured from its precursor protein, called β-secretase zymogen, which, different from most of other zymogens, is also partially active in cleaving APP. Hence, it is important to study on the mechanism of the zymogen's activation process. This study was to model the 3-D structure of the zymogen, followed by intensive molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to identify the most probable 3-D model and to study the dynamic structural behavior of the zymogen for understanding the effects of pro-segment on the function of the enzyme. The results revealed that the dropping in catalytic activity of the β-secretase zymogen could be attributed to the occupation of the entrance of the catalytic site of the zymogen by its pro-segment. On the other hand, the partial catalytic activity of the zymogen could be explained by high fluctuation of the pro-segment in comparison with that of other zymogens, resulting in the occasionally exposure of the catalytic site for access its substrate APP. Indeed, steered MD (SMD) simulation revealed a weak pulling force at quasi-equilibrium state for the pro-segment of the zymogen leaving from the entrance, indicating that this swinging process could take place spontaneously. Furthermore, MM-PBSA calculation revealed a small change of free energy of 10.56 kal/mol between the initial and final states of the process of pro-segment swung outside the binding pocket of β-secretase zymogen. These results not only account for the partial catalytic activity of β-secretase zymogen, but also provide useful clues for discovering new potent ligands, as new type of drug leads for curing Alzheimer's disease, to prevent the pro-segment of the zymogen from leaving its catalytic site.

Keywords
Homolgy modeling; Steered MD; MM-PBSA; Free energy; Drug design
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Why does β-secretase zymogen possess catalytic activity? Molecular modeling and molecular dynamics simulation studies
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Computational Biology and Chemistry - Volume 31, Issue 3, June 2007, Pages 186–195
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us