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Engineering cyanobacteria for direct biofuel production from CO2

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
15600 42454 2015 7 PDF Available
Title
Engineering cyanobacteria for direct biofuel production from CO2
Abstract

•We review the recent progress in the production of solar biofuels.•Articles demonstrating proof of concept and optimisation studies are reviewed.•At this time, high-value-added compounds show greater promise than fuels.

For a sustainable future of our society it is essential to close the global carbon cycle. Oxidised forms of carbon, in particular CO2, can be used to synthesise energy-rich organic molecules. Engineered cyanobacteria have attracted attention as catalysts for the direct conversion of CO2 into reduced fuel compounds.Proof of principle for this approach has been provided for a vast range of commodity chemicals, mostly energy carriers, such as short chain and medium chain alcohols. More recently, research has focused on the photosynthetic production of compounds with higher added value, most notably terpenoids. Below we review the recent developments that have improved the state-of-the-art of this approach and speculate on future developments.

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Engineering cyanobacteria for direct biofuel production from CO2
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Current Opinion in Biotechnology - Volume 33, June 2015, Pages 8–14
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering