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Improving conversion yield of fermentable sugars into fuel ethanol in 1st generation yeast-based production processes

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
15607 42454 2015 6 PDF Available
Title
Improving conversion yield of fermentable sugars into fuel ethanol in 1st generation yeast-based production processes
Abstract

•Opportunities to increase the ethanol yield in 1st generation processes.•Strategies for reduction of glycerol formation gain industrial interest.•Engineering free-energy conservation can increase the ethanol yield.•Improved process robustness through exploration of biodiversity.•Increased understanding and genetic accessibility of wild and industrial yeast strains.

Current fuel ethanol production using yeasts and starch or sucrose-based feedstocks is referred to as 1st generation (1G) ethanol production. These processes are characterized by the high contribution of sugar prices to the final production costs, by high production volumes, and by low profit margins. In this context, small improvements in the ethanol yield on sugars have a large impact on process economy. Three types of strategies used to achieve this goal are discussed: engineering free-energy conservation, engineering redox-metabolism, and decreasing sugar losses in the process. Whereas the two former strategies lead to decreased biomass and/or glycerol formation, the latter requires increased process and/or yeast robustness.

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Improving conversion yield of fermentable sugars into fuel ethanol in 1st generation yeast-based production processes
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Current Opinion in Biotechnology - Volume 33, June 2015, Pages 81–86
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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