Nanotechnology meets electrophysiology
Recording of electrical signals from electrogenic cells is an essential aspect to many areas, ranging from fundamental biophysical studies of the function of the brain and heart, through medical monitoring and intervention. Over the past decades, these studies have been primarily carried out by various well-established techniques that have greatly advanced the field, yet pose handicapping technical limitations.Nanotechnology allows the fabrication of devices small enough to enable recording of single cells, and even single neurites. The rise in knowledge in controlling nanostructures allows their tailoring to match cellular components, thus offering high level of interfacing to single cells. We will cover the latest developments in electrophysiology, applying new nanotechnology-based approaches for cellular electrical recordings, both extracellularly and intracellularly.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (106 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► We focus on the latest developments in nanotechnology-based electrophysiology. ► Methods for extracellular recording via nanoFET-based devices are described. ► Metal nanoelectrodes for the recording of electrogenic cells are reviewed. ► The latest developments of intracellular FET-based probes are shortly covered. ► Pioneering electrical scaffold devices for the interfacing with tissues are described.
Journal: Current Opinion in Biotechnology - Volume 24, Issue 4, August 2013, Pages 654–663