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Bioengineering heart tissue for in vitro testing

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
15710 42470 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
Bioengineering heart tissue for in vitro testing
Abstract

•Functional human tissues can be grown using cells, scaffolds and bioreactors.•In vitro and in vivo, cells interact with their entire environment.•Designs of biomimetic systems are guided by biological principles.•Microphysiological platforms allow preclinical testing of drugs.•We discuss the design of engineered microtissues for drug screening.

A classical paradigm of tissue engineering is to grow tissues for implantation by using human stem cells in conjunction with biomaterial scaffolds (templates for tissue formation) and bioreactors (culture systems providing environmental control). A reverse paradigm is now emerging through microphysiological platforms for preclinical testing of drugs and modeling of disease that contain large numbers of very small human tissues. We discuss the biomimetic approach as a common underlying principle and some of the specifics related to the design and utilization of platforms with heart micro-tissues for high-throughput screening in vitro.

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Bioengineering heart tissue for in vitro testing
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Current Opinion in Biotechnology - Volume 24, Issue 5, October 2013, Pages 926–932
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering