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The interface between plant metabolic engineering and human health

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
15948 42478 2013 10 PDF Available
Title
The interface between plant metabolic engineering and human health
Abstract

The data on the benefits of consuming high levels of phytonutrients in fruit and vegetables to prevent or ameliorate chronic disease are very persuasive. To underpin reliable dietary recommendations and future campaigns for preventive medicine, significant fundamental research is required to define phytonutrients, their physiological effects following consumption, their mechanisms of action, the impact of the food matrix and synergistic interactions between phytonutrients. This information will set goals for biofortifying phytonutrients in crops, which can be achieved by metabolic engineering, either using natural variation or genetic engineering. Genetic engineering has potential to enrich diets significantly in phytonutrients to reduce the risk of chronic disease, even against an overall decline in the nutritional value of diets, in both the developing and developed worlds.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (208 K)Download as PowerPoint slideHighlights► People should increase their consumption of fruit and vegetables to reduce their risk of chronic diseases. ► Despite many campaigns uptake of fruit and vegetable consumption has been limited. ► Metabolic engineering can improve understanding of the roles of dietary phytonutrients. ► Data from nutritional studies of model foods can set targets for crop improvements. ► Nutritionally enhanced fruit and vegetables, developed through breeding or metabolic engineering, could contribute to health.

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The interface between plant metabolic engineering and human health
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Current Opinion in Biotechnology - Volume 24, Issue 2, April 2013, Pages 344–353
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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