A comparative study of mesoporous glass/silk and non-mesoporous glass/silk scaffolds: Physiochemistry and in vivo osteogenesis
Mesoporous bioactive glass (MBG) is a new class of biomaterials with a well-ordered nanochannel structure, whose in vitro bioactivity is far superior than that of non-mesoporous bioactive glass (BG); the material’s in vivo osteogenic properties are, however, yet to be assessed. Porous silk scaffolds have been used for bone tissue engineering, but this material’s osteoconductivity is far from optimal. The aims of this study were to incorporate MBG into silk scaffolds in order to improve their osteoconductivity and then to compare the effect of MBG and BG on the in vivo osteogenesis of silk scaffolds. MBG/silk and BG/silk scaffolds with a highly porous structure were prepared by a freeze-drying method. The mechanical strength, in vitro apatite mineralization, silicon ion release and pH stability of the composite scaffolds were assessed. The scaffolds were implanted into calvarial defects in SCID mice and the degree of in vivo osteogenesis was evaluated by microcomputed tomography (μCT), hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and immunohistochemistry (type I collagen) analyses. The results showed that MBG/silk scaffolds have better physiochemical properties (mechanical strength, in vitro apatite mineralization, Si ion release and pH stability) compared to BG/silk scaffolds. MBG and BG both improved the in vivo osteogenesis of silk scaffolds. μCT and H&E analyses showed that MBG/silk scaffolds induced a slightly higher rate of new bone formation in the defects than did BG/silk scaffolds and immunohistochemical analysis showed greater synthesis of type I collagen in MBG/silk scaffolds compared to BG/silk scaffolds.
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 7, Issue 5, May 2011, Pages 2229–2236