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Plant genetic engineering to improve biomass characteristics for biofuels

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
16579 42509 2006 5 PDF Available
Title
Plant genetic engineering to improve biomass characteristics for biofuels
Abstract

Currently, most ethanol produced in the United States is derived from maize kernel, at levels in excess of four billion gallons per year. Plant lignocellulosic biomass is renewable, cheap and globally available at 10–50 billion tons per year. At present, plant biomass is converted to fermentable sugars for the production of biofuels using pretreatment processes that disrupt the lignocellulose and remove the lignin, thus allowing the access of microbial enzymes for cellulose deconstruction. Both the pretreatments and the production of enzymes in microbial tanks are expensive. Recent advances in plant genetic engineering could reduce biomass conversion costs by developing crop varieties with less lignin, crops that self-produce cellulase enzymes for cellulose degradation and ligninase enzymes for lignin degradation, or plants that have increased cellulose or an overall biomass yield.

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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Current Opinion in Biotechnology - Volume 17, Issue 3, June 2006, Pages 315–319
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us