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Transplantation of human mesenchymal stem cells in a non-autogenous setting for bone regeneration in a rabbit critical-size defect model

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
1661 88 2010 9 PDF Available
Title
Transplantation of human mesenchymal stem cells in a non-autogenous setting for bone regeneration in a rabbit critical-size defect model
Abstract

Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) represent an attractive cell population for tissue engineering purposes. Furthermore, hMSC are described as immune privileged, and non-autogenous application seems possible. The current study examines the regeneration potential of hMSC after xenogenic transplantation compared with autogenous rabbit MSC in a critical-size bone defect. After isolation, hMSC and rabbit MSC were seeded on calcium-deficient hydroxyapatite (CDHA) and transplanted into a radial critical-size defect of New Zealand white rabbits. Defects were filled with a CDHA scaffold seeded with autogenous rabbit MSC, CDHA seeded with xenogenic hMSC or unseeded CDHA. An empty defect served as control group. Animals were sacrificed after 3 months. Evaluation was performed using radiography, micro-computed tomography (μ-CT) and histology. In addition, a non-destructive four-point-bending test was performed in order to evaluate biomechanical stiffness. While autogenous MSC seeded on CDHA led to increased healing of critical-size bone defects from radiological (μ-CT; p = 0.009) and histological (p = 0.048) perspectives compared with unloaded CDHA, it was not possible to demonstrate analogous effects for the xenogenic transplantation of hMSC. The xenogenic treatment group displayed inferior results in all parameters compared with the autogenous MSC treatment group (histology p = 0.041; μ-CT p = 0.006; biomechanical testing p = 0.017). Nevertheless, no local or systemic inflammatory response resulting from xenogenic transplantation was observed. While previous papers suggest the use of non-autogenous hMSC cells for tissue engineering purposes, the present results show inferior clinical results from transplantation of hMSC in a xenogenic setting compared with autogenous MSC.

Keywords
Bone regeneration; Mesenchymal stem cells; Xenogenic transplantation; Tissue engineering; Critical-size bone defect
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Transplantation of human mesenchymal stem cells in a non-autogenous setting for bone regeneration in a rabbit critical-size defect model
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 6, Issue 3, March 2010, Pages 900–908
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us