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Aquatic phototrophs: efficient alternatives to land-based crops for biofuels

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
16685 42523 2008 6 PDF Available
Title
Aquatic phototrophs: efficient alternatives to land-based crops for biofuels
Abstract

To mitigate some of the potentially deleterious environmental and agricultural consequences associated with current land-based-biofuel feedstocks, we propose the use of biofuels derived from aquatic microbial oxygenic photoautotrophs (AMOPs), more commonly known as cyanobacteria, algae, and diatoms. Herein we review their demonstrated productivity in mass culturing and aspects of their physiology that are particularly attractive for integration into renewable biofuel applications. Compared with terrestrial crops, AMOPs are inherently more efficient solar collectors, use less or no land, can be converted to liquid fuels using simpler technologies than cellulose, and offer secondary uses that fossil fuels do not provide. AMOPs pose a new set of technological challenges if they are to contribute as biofuel feedstocks.

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Aquatic phototrophs: efficient alternatives to land-based crops for biofuels
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Current Opinion in Biotechnology - Volume 19, Issue 3, June 2008, Pages 235–240
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering