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Effect of sulfonated lignin on enzymatic activity of the ligninolytic enzymes Cα-dehydrogenase LigD and β-etherase LigF

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
16742 42608 2016 11 PDF Available
Title
Effect of sulfonated lignin on enzymatic activity of the ligninolytic enzymes Cα-dehydrogenase LigD and β-etherase LigF
Abstract

•Sulfonated lignin could inhibit the catalytic efficiency of β-etherase LigF significantly, not for Cα-dehydrogenase LigD.•Sulfonated lignin samples with larger molecular weight had prior impact on the catalytic efficiency of β-etherase LigF.•Hydrophobic interactions and ionic bond interactions were responsible for the increased adsorption of the enzymes to sulfonated lignin.•Nonspecific adsorption between protein and sulfonated lignin with different molecular weights did exist.

NAD+-dependent Cα-dehydrogenase LigD and glutathione-dependent β-etherase LigF which selectively cleave the β-O-4 aryl ether linkage present in lignin, are key-enzymes for the biocatalytic depolymerization of lignin. However, the catalytic efficiency of the two enzymes is low when they are used to break down the β-aryl ether linkage in natural lignin. When sulfonated lignin was added to LigF hydrolysis reactions, the conversion rate of MPHPV decreased significantly from 99.5% to 32.6%. On the contrary, sulfonated lignin has little affection on LigD, which the conversion rate of GGE only decreased from 41.7% to 41%. The strong nonspecific interactions of enzymes onto sulfonated lignin detected by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and isothermal titration calorimetric (ITC) was obvious and universal, which can reduce enzyme activity of many enzymes, including ligninolytic enzyme β-etherase LigF. To elucidate the exact mechanisms by which β-etherase LigF interact with lignin, molecular modeling was applied. Finally, analysis on catalytic efficiency of LigD and LigF in different concentrations and molecular weights of sulfonated lignin, solution ionic strength, pH, temperature and concentration of Tween 80 revealed that electrostatic interactions and hydrophobic interactions play important roles in absorption between LigF and sulfonated lignin.

Keywords
SL, sulfonated lignin; GGE, guaiacylglycerol-β-guaiacyl ether; NAD+, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide; NADH, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide hydrogen; MPHPV, α-(2-methoxyphenoxy)-β-hydroxypropiovanillone; GSH, glutathione; GSSG, oxidized glutathione; G
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Effect of sulfonated lignin on enzymatic activity of the ligninolytic enzymes Cα-dehydrogenase LigD and β-etherase LigF
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volumes 93–94, November 2016, Pages 59–69
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us