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Microbial surface displaying formate dehydrogenase and its application in optical detection of formate

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
16751 42609 2016 7 PDF Available
Title
Microbial surface displaying formate dehydrogenase and its application in optical detection of formate
Abstract

•FDH displayed on the surface of E. coli using INP display system.•FDH whole cell biocatalyst showed excellent enzyme activity and stability and good tolerance to most organic solvents.•The combinant FDH capable of detecting formate sensitively.

In the present work, NAD+-dependent formate dehydrogenase (FDH), encoded by fdh gene from Candida boidinii was successfully displayed on Escherichia coli cell surface using ice nucleation protein (INP) from Pseudomonas borealis DL7 as an anchoring protein. Localization of matlose binding protein (MBP)-INP-FDH fusion protein on the E. coli cell surface was characterized by SDS-PAGE and enzymatic activity assay. FDH activity was monitored through the oxidation of formate catalyzed by cell-surface-displayed FDH with its cofactor NAD+, and the production of NADH can be detected spectrometrically at 340 nm. After induction for 24 h in Luria-Bertani medium containing isopropyl-β-d-thiogalactopyranoside, over 80% of MBP-INP-FDH fusion protein present on the surface of E. coli cells. The cell-surface-displayed FDH showed optimal temperature of 50 °C and optimal pH of 9.0. Additionally, the cell-surface-displayed FDH retained its original enzymatic activity after incubation at 4 °C for one month with the half-life of 17 days at 40 °C and 38 h at 50 °C. The FDH activity could be inhibited to different extents by some transition metal ions and anions. Moreover, the E. coli cells expressing FDH showed different tolerance to solvents. The recombinant whole cell exhibited high formate specificity. Finally, the E. coli cell expressing FDH was used to assay formate with a wide linear range of 5–700 μM and a low limit of detection of 2 μM. It is anticipated that the genetically engineered cells may have a broad application in biosensors, biofuels and cofactor regeneration system.

Keywords
Microbial surface display; Formate dehydrogenase; Formate; Tolerance to solvents; Formate assay
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 91, September 2016, Pages 59–65
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us