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A multi-tolerant low molecular weight mannanase from Bacillus sp. CSB39 and its compatibility as an industrial biocatalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
16762 42610 2016 10 PDF Available
Title
A multi-tolerant low molecular weight mannanase from Bacillus sp. CSB39 and its compatibility as an industrial biocatalyst
Abstract

•Surfactant-, NaCl-, urea-, and protease-tolerant mannanase was purified and characterized.•MnCSB39 had the lowest molecular mass of ∼30 kDa from Bacillus sp.•Optimal pH and temperature for enzymatic activity were 7.5 and 70 °C respectively.•The Km and Vmax values were 0.0819 mg/mL and 1099 ± 1.0 Umg−1, respectively.•Thermodynamics also support its hydrolytic efficiency, feasibility and spontaneity.

Bacillus sp. CSB39, isolated from popular traditional Korean food (Kimchi), produced a low molecular weight, thermostable mannanase (MnCSB39); 571.14 U/mL using locust bean gum galactomannan as a major substrate. It was purified to homogeneity using a simple and effective two-step purification strategy, Sepharose CL-6B and DEAE Sepharose Fast Flow, which resulted in 25.47% yield and 19.32-fold purity. The surfactant-, NaCl-, urea-, and protease-tolerant monomeric protein had a mass of ∼30 kDa as analyzed by SDS-PAGE and galactomannan zymography. MnCSB39 was found to have optimal activity at pH 7.5 and temperature of 70 °C. The enzyme showed ˃55% activity at 5.0–15% (w/v) NaCl, and ˃93% of the initial activity after incubation at 37 °C for 60 min. Trypsin and proteinase K had no effect on MnCBS39. The enzyme showed ˃80% activity in up to 3 M urea. The N-terminal amino acid sequence, ALKGDGX, did not show identity with reported mannanases, which suggests the novelty of our enzyme. Activation energy for galactomannan hydrolysis was 26.85 kJmol−1 with a Kcat of 142.58 × 104 s−1. MnCSB39 had Km and Vmax values of 0.082 mg/mL and 1099 ± 1.0 Umg−1, respectively. Thermodynamic parameters such as ΔH, ΔG, ΔS, Q10, ΔGE-S, and ΔGE-T supported the spontaneous formation of products and the high hydrolytic efficiency and feasibility of the enzymatic reaction, which strengthen its novelty. MnCSB39 activity was affected by metal ions, modulators, chelators, and detergents. Mannobiose was the principal end-product of hydrolysis. Bacillus subtilis CSB39 produced a maximum of 1524.44 U mannanase from solid state fermentation of 1 g wheat bran. MnCSB39 was simple to purify, was active at a wide pH and temperature range, multi-stress tolerant and catalyzes a thermodynamically possible reaction, characteristics that suggests its suitability for application as an industrial biocatalyst.

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Keywords
Bacillus sp.; Biocatalyst; Biodegradation; Galactomannan; Mannanase
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A multi-tolerant low molecular weight mannanase from Bacillus sp. CSB39 and its compatibility as an industrial biocatalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 92, October 2016, Pages 76–85
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us