Direct production of ethanol from neoagarobiose using recombinant yeast that secretes α-neoagarooligosaccharide hydrolase
•An α-neoagarooligosaccharide hydrolase gene, agaNash gene, was identified.•AgaNash encoded by agaNash gene hydrolyzed neoagarobiose to produce galactose.•Recombinant yeast expressing agaNash gene was constructed.•The recombinant yeast was modified to enable it to secrete AgaNash.•Recombinant yeast secreting AgaNash directly produced ethanol from neoagarobiose.
An α-neoagarooligosaccharide hydrolase, AgaNash, was purified from Cellvibrio sp. OA-2007, which utilizes agarose as a substrate. The agaNash gene, which encodes AgaNash, was obtained by comparing the N-terminal amino acid sequence of AgaNash with that deduced from the nucleotide sequence of the full-length OA-2007 genome. The agaNash gene combined with the Saccharomyces cerevisiae signal peptide α-mating factor was transformed into the YPH499 strain of S. cerevisiae to generate YPH499/pTEF-MF-agaNash, and the recombinant yeast was confirmed to produce AgaNash, though it was mainly retained within the recombinant cell. To enhance AgaNash secretion from the cell, the signal peptide was replaced with a combination of the signal peptide and a threonine- and serine-rich tract (T-S region) of the S. diastaticus STA1 gene. The new recombinant yeast, YPH499/pTEF-STA1SP-agaNash, was demonstrated to secrete AgaNash and hydrolyze neoagarobiose with an efficiency of as high as 84%, thereby producing galactose, which is a fermentable sugar for the yeast, and ethanol, at concentrations of up to 1.8 g/L, directly from neoagarobiose.
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 85, April 2016, Pages 82–89