Proteomic analysis of sulfur–nitrogen–carbon removal by Pseudomonas sp. C27 under micro–aeration condition
•Proteome in total cell extract of C27 was observed under micro-aeration condition.•Micro-aeration increases abundance of 73 protein spots and decreases that of 23 spots.•C27 has efficient enzyme system to conduct DSR reactions under micro-aerobic condition.•Micro-aeration increases cell growth and enhance cell defensive system of strain C27.
Pseudomonas sp. C27 is a facultative autotrophic bacterium (FAB) that can effectively conduct mixotrophic and heterotrophic denitrifying sulfide removal (DSR) reactions under anaerobic condition using organic matters and sulfide as electron donors. Micro-aeration was proposed to enhance DSR reaction by FAB; however, there is no experimental proof on the effects of micro-aeration on capacity of denitrifying sulfide removal of FAB on proteomic levels. The proteome in total C27 cell extracts was observed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Differentially expressed protein spots and specifically expressed protein spots were identified by MALDI TOF/TOF MS. We identified 55 microaerobic-responsive protein spots, representing 55 unique proteins. Hierarchical clustering analysis revealed that 75% of the proteins were up-regulated, and 5% of the proteins were specifically expressed under micro-aerobic conditions. These enzymes were mainly involved in membrane transport, protein folding and metabolism. The noted expression changes of the microaerobic-responsive proteins suggests that C27 strain has a highly efficient enzyme system to conduct DSR reactions under micro-aerobic condition. Additionally, micro-aeration can increase the rates of protein synthesis and cell growth, and enhance cell defensive system of the strain.
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 56, 5 March 2014, Pages 20–27