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Magnetic-bead-based immunoassay using E. coli cells with autodisplayed Z-domains

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
17039 42635 2013 5 PDF Available
Title
Magnetic-bead-based immunoassay using E. coli cells with autodisplayed Z-domains
Abstract

•The efficient and sensitive immunoassay was developed by immobilizing E. coli cells with autodisplayed Z-domains to magnetic beads.•The surface modification of magnetic beads was carried out for the immobilization of negatively charged E. coli cells.•The immobilization of E. coli cells was carried out by zeta potential measurement and FACS analysis.•The feasibility of magnetic bead based immunoassay was demonstrated by analyzing horseradish peroxidase and C-reactive protein as analytes.

Escherichia coli cells with autodisplayed Z-domains could increase the sensitivity of immunoassays by immobilizing antibodies in a controlled orientation. In the work presented here, E. coli cells with autodisplayed Z-domains were immobilized to magnetic beads for subsequent immunoassay. In comparing conventional immunoassay using the E. coli cells with autodisplayed Z-domains, the magnetic-bead-based immunoassay improved immunoassay efficiency by minimizing the loss of E. coli cells during repeated centrifugation steps during washing. For the immobilization of E. coli cells to magnetic beads, the magnetic beads were modified with poly-l-lysine to bind to negatively charged E. coli cells. During the surface modification process, physical parameters such as the surface charge and size of the magnetic beads were analyzed to confirm the formation of E. coli-magnetic bead complexes. To test the feasibility of the magnetic-bead-based immunoassay, horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was used as a model analyte, and a biomarker for inflammatory diseases, C-reactive protein (CRP), was used for a demonstration of an application in medical diagnosis.

Keywords
Autodisplay; Z-domain; Magnetic bead; Immunoassay; Surface modification
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 53, Issue 2, 10 July 2013, Pages 118–122
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us