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Micropatterning of three-dimensional electrospun polyurethane vascular grafts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
1704 89 2010 9 PDF Available
Title
Micropatterning of three-dimensional electrospun polyurethane vascular grafts
Abstract

The uniform alignment of endothelial cells inside small-diameter synthetic grafts can be directed by surface topographies such as microgrooves and microfibers to recapitulate the flow-induced elongation and alignment of natural endothelium. These surface micropatterns may also promote directional migration and potentially improve anastomotic ingrowth of endothelial cells inside the synthetic grafts. In this paper, we developed electrospinning and spin casting techniques to pattern the luminal surface of small-diameter polyurethane (PU) grafts with microfibers and microgrooves, respectively, and evaluated endothelial cell orientation on these surface micropatterns. Tracks of circumferentially oriented microfibers were generated by electrospinning PU onto a mandrel rotated at high velocity, whereas longitudinal tracks of microgrooves were generated by spin casting PU over a rotating poly(dimethylsiloxane) mold. We found that both PU grafts possessed longitudinal Young’s moduli in the range of 0.43 ± 0.04 to 2.00 ± 0.40 MPa, comparable with values obtained from native artery. Endothelial cells seeded onto the grafts formed confluent monolayers with individual cells exhibiting elongated morphology parallel to the micropatterns. The cells were phenotypically similar to natural endothelium as assessed by the expression of the endothelial cell-specific marker, vascular endothelial cell cadherin. In addition, the cells were also responsive to stimulation with the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α as assessed by the inducible expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1. These results demonstrate that our micropatterned PU grafts possessed longitudinal Young’s moduli in the same range as native vascular tissue and were capable of promoting the formation of aligned and cytokine-responsive endothelial monolayers.

Keywords
Polyurethane graft; Microgrooves; Microfibers; Cell alignment; Human endothelial cells; Electrospinning; Spin casting; Vascular graft
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Micropatterning of three-dimensional electrospun polyurethane vascular grafts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 6, Issue 11, November 2010, Pages 4229–4237
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us