Polymeric macroporous formulations for the control release of mosquitocidal Bacillus sphaericus ISPC-8
•Development of floating polymeric macroporous formulations.•Immobilization of spore-crystal mixture of Bacillus sphaericus on polymeric matrices.•Persistence of extended mosquitocidal activity by control release of B. sphaericus.•Protection of immobilized B. sphaericus from UV and pH.
Bio-polymeric mosquitocidal formulations were developed for the control release of Bacillus sphaericus ISPC-8 by the immobilization of its spore-crystal complex onto the macroporous polymeric matrices. The biodegradable formulations were synthesized at sub-zero temperature using natural polymeric substrates like agarose, alginate, cellulose, non-adsorbent cotton, wooden cork powder and also magnetite nanoparticles. The obtained polymeric matrices were morphologically characterized, which showed 85–90% porosity, uniform pores distribution, high permeability and controlled degradation (19–30%) in 4 weeks depending upon the composition of formulations. Further, the polymeric macroporous formulations were tested for persistence of mosquitocidal activity against Culex quinquefasciatus larvae. Unformulated B. sphaericus ISPC-8 spores retained 54% of larvicidal activity after 7 days, which completely reduced after 35 days of treatment. However, the immobilized B. sphaericus spores in agarose-alginate formulations showed high larvicidal activity on day 7 and retained about 45% activity even after 35 days of treatments. Studies on UV-B and pH dependent inactivation of toxins and spore viability showed that these formulations were significantly protecting the spores as compared to the unformulated spores, which suggest its potential application for the mosquito control program.
Graphical abstractControl release of immobilized spore-crystal mixture of Bacillus sphaericus ISPC-8 from floating polymeric macroporous formulation for mosquito control.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 53, Issues 6–7, 10 December 2013, Pages 398–405