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Effect of cell senescence on the impedance measurement of adipose tissue-derived stem cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
17126 42644 2013 5 PDF Available
Title
Effect of cell senescence on the impedance measurement of adipose tissue-derived stem cells
Abstract

•We fabricated transparent indium-tin oxide electrodes (ITO) coated by parylene-C.•Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) were cultured on ITO electrode-based chip.•Impedance of ADSCs was affected by the age-related size and proliferation of cells.•Impedance measurement-based detection of the senescence of stem cells is possible.

Label-free and real-time monitoring of stem cells based on electrical impedance measurement is increasingly utilized for the quality control of the isolated stem cells to be used in stem cell-based tissue therapy or regenerative medicine. In spite of that the proliferative capacity and multipotency of stem cells are dependent on the type and age of the source tissue, however, the effect of the cell senescence on the impedance measurement of stem cells has not yet been studied. We investigated whether the senescence of adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) can be detected by electrical impedance spectroscopy. For this, ADSCs at passage 9 and 31 were prepared and those genetic characteristics and growth kinetics were evaluated by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and cell counting. While the identified ADSCs were grown on the indium tin oxide electrodes, the impedance spectra were measured and interpreted by fitting analysis with an equivalent circuit model. ADSCs at passage 9 adhered on the electrode were small and spindle-shaped whereas the cells at passage 31 were flattened and larger than younger cells. At the beginning of culture time when the cell adhesion occurred, the resistance at 4.6 kHz of passage 31 cells was higher than passage 9 due to the larger size of older cells. Afterwards, the value of passage 9 cells increased higher than passage 31, since younger cells proliferated more than old cells. Therefore, the impedance measurement could characterize the proliferative capacity of ADSCs during expanded culture.

Graphical abstractMicrograph of adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) at passage 31 (P31) or passage 9 (P9) on the circular sensing electrode after 3 or 7 days of incubation, normalized resistance of P31 or P9 cells at 4.6 kHz according to the culture time. Data shown to include average (symbol) ± standard deviation (vertical bar) (n = 4).Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Ageing; Dielectric spectroscopy; Quality control; Regenerative medicine; Stem cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 53, Issue 5, 10 October 2013, Pages 302–306
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us